In the time of comparing silicon to silicon carbide, silicon carbide or sic technology has a 10x greater critical breakdown field and a 3.5x higher heat conductivity (Si). Both characteristics enable unipolar devices to be produced with 1/100 on-resistance of silicon devices for the same voltage rating; and both allow effective removal of heat during power conversion.

However, despite several demonstrations of the system advantages of sic in power electronic applications, adoption of sic, particularly for transistors to replace Si IGBTs and Si MOSFETs, has been gradual up till 2017.

The adoption of silicon carbide (sic) technology has reached a tipping point, which is when a technology’s evident benefits force it towards fast acceptance.

SiC-based technologies possess silicon carbide ceramic filter that are becoming more popular among designers who want to remain competitive while also reducing overall system costs over the long run.

The benefits-

  • Energy economy, system size reductions, and system dependability all contribute to lower total cost of ownership for Sic-based systems.
  • Smaller, cooler, faster-switching, higher-voltage devices are now possible because to the unique features of Sic
  • Designers are allowed to make more imaginative design choices that more easily match market demand when working with smaller, cooler gadgets.
  • As per data, the metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) developed at Bell Labs in 1959 and extensively utilized in the early 1960s are the backbone of most modern electronics.

The gate terminal voltage of a MOSFET controls the device channel’s electrical conductivity according to research, allowing for signal amplification or switching and power processing.

MOSFETs are still primarily made of silicon (Si), but the performance needs of today’s equipment are pushing Si technology to its limitations.

Additional information-

When a plough’s design was crucial in determining how many days it would take to prepare a field for planting, energy use and its conversion from source to ultimate application was a major topic of discussion.

For a variety of applications, such as 0.6VDC for a processor or 24VDC to 500VAC for an industrial motor drive, we now focus on electrical energy and power conversion from the generator output to an end-voltage.

Power semiconductor switches, such as Si-MOSFETs and IGBTs, are almost always used in the conversion process. These switches are less efficient than SiC because of the losses they have. Minimizing energy waste and generating less heat is critical to cutting expenses and improving energy efficiency.